Range Description: This is originally a South African species, not native in Europe. It is spreading rapidly in the Mediterranean. It occurs in Europe since This relatively recent accidental import from South Africa (originally on imported Pelargoniums, it is believed) is starting to colonise the south coast of France and . Ecology, conservation and threats of Cacyreus marshalli. Species page, life cycle and photos.

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Leaves may be partially eaten by the larvae but this symptom is less frequent and can be confused with snails feeding Sarto i Monteys and Maso, Gennargentu, Sardinia, Italy, July Cacyreus marshalli, a butterfly spreading rapidly on geraniums.

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Nick Bowles described a picture of Geranium Bronze Cacyreus marshalli to my father and we were then able to confirm that it was a Geranium Bronze. It is believed that this butterfly was accidentally imported as immature stages in Geranium plants.

A taxon is Critically Endangered CR when msrshalli best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Critically Endangered, and it is therefore considered to be facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild. Sarto i Monteys V, Maso A, Lycaenidae Leach, Subfamily: Spreading eastwards into Italy and Greece etc. Species categorized as Endangered EN.

Click here to see the aberration descriptions and images for this species. Distribution Table Top of page The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Watch Video Watch Video. Sarto i Monteys V, Cacyreus marshalli This species was first defined in Butler as shown here and as shown in this plate type locality: Most caterpillars are yellow or green, and may have pink markings. Remarkable records of Macrolepidoptera in Sweden Views Read Edit View history. On the hindwings, there is a small white spot behind this stripe.


Polyommatinae Swainson, Tribe: When its wings are open, which is not very often, it is blue of bluish. Species categorized as Near Threatened NT. Geranium bronze females prefer to lay their eggs on the flower buds of various Geranium species. Geranium bronze may start to be in competition with indigenous lycaenid species whose only food source is Geranium plants, such as E.

The underside markings are quite unlike any other European butterfly – brown ground colour with white blotches and lines.

Cacyreus marshalli on euroButterflies by Matt Rowlings

The pupa color varies, but they are typically green, pale-yellow, or brown. The latter three species require Geraniaceae for their development. We searched all czcyreus Geranium and Pelargonium and found many eggs. Geranium bronze-first record of British sighting. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using.

The peduncles offer the best protection for the caterpillars, which is why the caterpillars will typically remain at the base of the flower until metamorphosis occurs.

Cacyreus marshalli, a new pest caycreus pelargonium. This is an incredible achievement. Nota Lepidopterologica, 36 2: They remain concealed in the flower buds and feed on amrshalli flower tissue, where they produce a cavity as a result of their feeding.

The butterfly Cacyreus marshalli in cacyreux Italy, and susceptibility of commercial cultivars of Pelargonium. References Top of page Baufeld P, It is spreading eastwards too, although more slowly, with records from south Italy, Greece etc.


When the nursery found out why everyone was wanting to know where their Geranium came from, their story changed a few times – they probably did not want to be thought of as being responsible for introducing the species. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Polyommatini Swainson, Genus: The story ends with one surprise sighting the next May – it is cacyrdus to have made it through the winter feeding in our neighbour’s greenhouse. With great difficulty we managed to get a larva to feed on Dove’s-foot Crain ‘s-bill.

Butterflies of Europe – Cacyreus marshalli

Fuentes Garcia FJ, The genus Cacyreus includes nine species; all are found in the Afrotropical area. Butterflies along the Great Malaga Path. Report of the geranium bronze butterfly, Cacyreus marshalli for mainland Greece. Species categorized as Least Concern LC. Following outbreaks on the Spanish mainland, the Spanish Plant Protection Services took measures to ensure that the pest was satisfactorily controlled in commercial nurseries.


Geranium bronze

Thessaloniki, Greece, July Retrieved 28 September Flowers can be totally eaten by larvae. It was accidentally introduced to the Balearic Islands in about and has since spread to much of Spain, southern France, parts of Italy and Morocco. Cape Town, South Africa:

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