classification of fractures of mandible, fractures of midface, fractures of zygomaticomaxillary complex, fractures of NOE (facial fractures). Zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fractures, also known as a tripod, tetrapod, quadripod, malar or thoracolumbar spinal fracture classification systems. ZMC complex fracture. Tripod fx Right zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture with disruption of the lateral orbital wall, orbital floor, zygomatic arch and maxillary sinus. The zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture, also known as a quadripod fracture, quadramalar Classification. D · ICD .

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Zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture | Radiology Reference Article |

Lack of 18—14; 24— The pterygoid processes can be regarded as the most posterior region of the facial skeleton and as separate anatomical units. A rfactures classification of nasal fractures.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Various terminology, such as frontobasal, frontofacial, frontal sinus, frontocranial fractures, and according classifications are in common use for a topographical assignment.

According to textbook descriptions before the CT fractuers era, the horizontal fracture lines e. These descriptors may be more refined in the future. In the latter case, any associated root fracture has to be registered. Fragmentation must be distinguished from the overall fracture pattern, which refers to the distribution and number of fractures over the regions in the entire midface.

Fgactures detail the extent and fragmentation in the overall or en bloc NOE fracture pattern, 2 all concomitant structures are delineated in the level 3 graphic representations, 5 not only of the midface, but also in the orbit 6 documentation systems.


A three-dimensional analysis method for edentulous mandibular ridge shape. Log in Sign up. Although Le Fort fracture many of his successors e. Asymmetric Le Fort Type midface fracture: Craniofacial Trauma – Diagnosis and Management. These features serve as a baseline to document tooth injuries, periodontal trauma, and alveolar process fractures.

Maxillary alveolar process atrophy: General Considerations and Classification of Mandibular Fractures. The surgical one-stage management of combined cranio-maxillo-facial and frontobasal fractures.

Georg Thieme Verlag; The cause is usually a direct blow to the malar eminence of clasification cheek during assault. A classification of injuries of the nasal skeleton. Together with a few other palatal fracture categories single transverse, single midsagittal, and more than two fracture lines this complies with a simple but effective concept. Bumper fracture Segond fracture Gosselin fracture Toddler’s fracture Pilon fracture Plafond fracture Tillaux fracture.

Case 5 Case 5.

Zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture – Wikipedia

Dorso-cranially displaced zygoma fracture with antral impaction Fig. Descriptive and metric classification of jaw atrophy.

Outcomes in pediatric facial fractures: The horizontal fracture line of alveolar process fractures can travel with a medial offset from the very base of the process into the palatal shelf, which is why these so-called para- or palatoalveolar fractures have been inexpediently subsumed under palatal fractures. The nomenclature to describe the dental sequelae of a midfacial injury follows the same scheme as used in the level 3 system for mandibular fractures.

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Postoperative computed tomography scan study of the pterygomaxillary separation during the Le Fort I osteotomy using a micro-oscillating saw. Trimalleolar fracture Bimalleolar fracture Pott’s fracture. Zygoma Fracture left with dorsocranial displacement and antral impaction.

Otolaryngologic clinics of North America. Undoubtedly, it is far more convenient to assess the dental status and dental or periodontal injuries in panoramic X-rays fracturea Cone Beam CTs than in helical CT scans.

Classification and treatment of zygomatic fractures: a review of 1,025 cases.

Fracture Involvement of the Alveolar Process Alveolar process fractures are documented similarly to the mandible. Lanigan D T, Loewy J.

Other entries will alter the color code in correlation to the individual scenario of the injury. The regions are coded in the order from the patient’s right side classifcation the patient’s left side starting with the zygoma.

The importance of the zygomatic arch in complex midfacial fracture repair and correction of posttraumatic orbitozygomatic deformities.

The vertical heights of maxillary and mandibular bones in panoramic radiographs of dentate and edentulous subjects. The fracture complex results from a direct blow to the malar eminence and results in three distinct fracture components that disrupt the anchoring of the zygoma. Surgery of Facial Fractures; pp.

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