Muslim Spain gave rise to two unusual figures in the mystical tradition of Islam: Ibn Masarra (//) and Ibn al-ʿArabī (//). Muslim Spain gave rise to two unusual figures in the mystical tradition of Islam: Ibn Masarra and Ibn al- Arab. Representing, respectively, the beginning and the. b.,Abd All¯ ah al-Jabal¯ı, known as Ibn Masarra, was born in Cordoba in / His father,Abd All¯ah traveled to the East, and had been to .

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Such understanding is common in philosophic and speculative lit- erature; see J. It is often associated with masarrra cal or sensual prompting and implies therefore an intellectual and moral limitation; see, for instance, E.

In the commentary we have added hermeneu- tic, comparative and contextual notes regarding specific points raised by the text. He then knows that above it there is something other than itself, and he wishes [to find] in the lower world a trace of this other to serve as indication.

His complete transcendence renders him inaccessible to direct contemplation. There are signs in the earth for those who have certitude, as well as in your selves; do you not see?

See also commentary to paragraph 3 above and commentary to paragraphs 8, 10, 46 below. Of these two eastern S. They aspired for this path without [firm] intention and so they missed it. It was accorded a certain power which it cannot exceed, and is powerless regarding what lies beyond it. This is a decree that does not respond to invocation. Contemplating them, he finds that they are individuals with different shapes and aspects, and of different kinds. The material gathered by Altmann makes evident the neoplatonic provenance of this image.


Along with her it, too, is restricted, for her boundaries and reins take hold of it.

In his Book of letters, these traits are even more apparent than in the Epistle discussed here, in particular as regards letter mysticism. It is noteworthy that the scriptural and traditional language reiterated here is combined with theological-philosophical ter- minology, to which we have already become exposed.

Therefore, while confirming this, they ask refuge from hell-fire, saying: The signs testify to it all and tell it, each one of them testifying to the other and indicating it: Studies in religious philosophy and mysticism.

He finds that the intellect corresponds to this animal soul. God splits the seed and the date-stone, He brings out the living out of the dead, and the dead out of the living Q 6: Those who mazarra by way of reason proceed from the bottom up and discover the same truth the Prophets have brought down from on high.

The mystical philosophy of Muh.

There we find, for example, the following similar Skip to main content. He who climbs, must climb from the lower to the higher. Such transcendence implies that no analogies or similitudes apply to this highest ruler.

Ibn Masarra – Brill Reference

There is a tradition in Andalusian literature to the effect that Ibn Masarra enjoyed great massrra and veneration in spite of the fact that his teachings were criticized and refuted. There are signs in the earth. Theologie und Gesellschaft im 2. They highlight the hierarchical scheme maszrra which bin higher level of existence governs lower ones and manip- ulates them, while the lower levels are totally subjugated musakhkhara to the higher ones. Berlin and New York, Motion is then set by the Throne, since no action ad extra can be attributed to the One.


Language, religion, culture and the sciences. O people, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul Q 4: They in the hidden with the eyes of their hearts; they come to know the science of the Book, whilst their hearts bear witness that it is the truth. God’s knowledge is only of universals; were he to know particulars, his oneness would be jeopardized and our moral responsibility denied.

They deviated from it and were lost in wildernesses with no light. By ascending the path which He has opened for you towards Him, you will behold His innermost court.

Ibn Masarra

He governs the order and separates the signs, so that you may be certain of meeting your Lord Q Wolfson, The philosophy of the Kalam, pp. It is not rare to find that this closing verse introduces an additional dimension which was not present in the philosophical terminology.

Ibn Masarra does not dwell on the argumentation; rather, he leaves these ideas implicit by using the theological and philosophical vocabulary. He thus concludes that the water has [something like] fire, that moves it up, contrary to the [natural] motion of water.

As we have already pointed out, the wish to highlight philosophical ideas with scriptural prooftexts is a commonplace in medieval philosophical writings. Coming to be in time is the particularization of beings found in a locus performed by that decree that particularizes things and responds to invocation. Reilly, The contest of Christian and Muslim Spain, pp. It manifestly grows with the soul, increases and decreases, becomes clear and tarnished.

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