Las consultas por posible intoxicación han descendido entre y ( frente a , Los álcalis-cáusticos constituyen la IPH más frecuente, aunque su número se ha reducido (48 en y 18 en ). Urgencias de pediatría. Introdução: A ingestão de substâncias cáusticas, voluntária ou acidental, pode resultar em lesões graves do Mencías E. Intoxicación por cáusticos. Protocolos de gastrenterologia de a Asociación Española de Pediatria 01/ 04/ pediatras en formación y su presencia en el Congreso de. Salamanca salvo en los casos de intoxicación digitálica, por lo que no precisan.

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Risk factors for stricture development after caustic ingestion.

Still a major surgical dilemma. Santos 1E. Byrne F et al. Ingestion of Acid and Alkaline Agents: Endoscopic grading of caustic lesions has therapeutic and prognostic implications.


Casasnovas A, Martin F. What is the utility of selected clinical and endoscopic parameters in predicting the risc of death after caustic ingestion?

The clinical features of caustic ingestion vary widely and may not correlate with the severity of injury. Nunes A, et al. A brief commentary is given on the treatment of paracetamol poisoning, above all in children under seven years of age, and the ingestion of caustic substances.


Management of these patients is controversial as far as the best endoscopic and intensive care approach. Review of epidemiology, physiopathology, clinical manifestations, evaluation and therapy of caustic lesions and establishment of a protocol. Zargar S, et al. Voluntary or accidental caustic ingestion can result in serious injury of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology ; 37 2: Prediction of complications following caustic ingestion in adults.

Keh S, et al. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy ; Med Clin Barc ; Am J Therap ; Gastroenterol Clin North Am ; ne Long term results of endoscopic dilatation for treatment of corrosive oesophageal strictures. Gastroint endosc ; 60 3: Gastrointestinal endoscopy ; 41 3: The results of caustic ingestions.

Freitas 2J. Foreign bodies, bezoars, and caustic ingestion. Poisonings; Treatment; Children; Household cleaning products; Methaemoglobinaemia. Hepatogastroenterology ; 51 Como citar este artigo. Pires 1L. Sleisenger and Fordtran’s Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease.

In the second place in order of frequency we find products of household use, although their importance in pediatric toxicology rests basically on the fact that some of these products, such as em, can result in accidental ingestion, almost exclusively involving children. Update on caustic ingestion; How therapy has changed. Reconsidering the diagnosis and treatment of patients following ingestion of liquid lye.


Poisoning by household products including soap, detergents, cosmetics, hydrocarbon products, anilines, naphtaline, and hydrogen peroxide is reviwed. There are still some controversies regarding therapy; total parenteral feeding and corticotherapy are not recommended, except in selected cases.

Ingestion of strong corrosive alkalis: Clin Otolaryngol ; 20 3: Intralesional steroids augment the effects of endoscopic dilation in corrosive esophageal strictures. Shaffer R, et al.

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Kochnar R, et al. The role of fiberoptic endoscopy in the management of corrosive ingestion and modified endoscopic classification of burns.

Treatment of caustic ingestion: Como citar este artigo. For an adequate evaluation and treatment of these patients, it would be helpful to have recommended protocols.

Intoxicación en niños: Metahemoglobinemia

Caustic Injury to the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract. World Journal of Gastroenterology ;12 Anales Sis San Navarra [online].

J Clin Gastroenterol ; With respect to its epidemiology, the first cause of pediatric poisoning are medicines, with paracetamol outstanding as the most frequent cause of poisoning.

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